How to Create Robots.txt File

Are you looking to enhance your website’s visibility on search engines and control what content gets crawled and indexed? If so, mastering the art of creating a robots.txt file is essential. In this article, we will guide you through the process of creating this crucial file and help you understand its importance in optimizing your website’s SEO performance. In this article we are going to talk about “How to Create Robots.txt File”

Importance of robots.txt for website optimization

A robots.txt file acts as a communication tool between your website and search engine crawlers. It instructs the crawlers on which pages or sections of your website should be excluded from indexing. By excluding irrelevant or duplicate content, you can ensure that search engines focus on indexing your most valuable pages.

Having a well-structured robots.txt file can significantly impact your website’s SEO performance. It helps search engines understand your website’s structure and hierarchy, ensuring that they prioritize indexing your most important pages. By directing crawlers to avoid certain pages, you can prevent them from wasting resources on content that isn’t crucial for your SEO strategy.

Understanding the structure of a robots.txt file

Before we dive into creating a robots.txt file, it’s important to understand its structure. The file is essentially a simple text file that resides in the root directory of your website. It uses a specific syntax to define rules for search engine crawlers.

The robots.txt file consists of user-agent directives and rules. User-agent directives specify the search engine crawlers to which the rules apply. The most common user-agent is *, which represents all search engine crawlers. Each user-agent directive is followed by one or more rules that define what should be allowed or disallowed for that user-agent.

Creating a basic robots.txt file

Creating a basic robots.txt file is relatively simple. Start by opening a text editor and create a new file. Save it as “robots.txt” in the root directory of your website.

To allow all search engine crawlers access to your entire website, add the following lines to your robots.txt file:

User-agent: * Disallow:

This will allow all crawlers to index all pages on your website. However, if you want to exclude specific directories or pages, you can modify the file accordingly. For example, to prevent crawlers from accessing the “private” directory, you would add the following:

User-agent: * Disallow: /private/

Remember, each user-agent directive should be followed by specific rules, and you can have multiple user-agent directives in your robots.txt file.

Advanced directives in a robots.txt file

While the basic directives we covered above are sufficient for most websites, there are additional advanced directives you can use to further refine your robots.txt file.

Allow directive

The “Allow” directive is used to explicitly allow a specific URL or directory for a user-agent that has been disallowed by default. For example, if you have a directory called “images” that you want to allow for all crawlers, you can add the following line:

User-agent: * Disallow: Allow: /images/

Crawl-delay directive

The “Crawl-delay” directive is used to specify the delay between successive requests from a crawler. This can be useful if your website has limited server resources or if you want to control the crawl rate. For example, to set a crawl delay of 5 seconds, you would add the following line:

User-agent: * Crawl-delay: 5

Common mistakes to avoid in robots.txt file creation

When creating a robots.txt file, it’s important to avoid common mistakes that can negatively impact your website’s crawlability. Here are some key mistakes to avoid:

Blocking important pages

One of the most critical mistakes is unintentionally blocking important pages from being indexed. This can happen if you include incorrect directives or use wildcards incorrectly. Always double-check your robots.txt file to ensure that you’re not inadvertently blocking valuable content.

Using incorrect syntax

The syntax of a robots.txt file is strict, and even minor mistakes can render the file ineffective. Make sure to use the correct syntax, including the proper use of colons, slashes, and spacing. Additionally, ensure that your robots.txt file is saved in plain text format without any encoding issues.

Not testing the file

Before implementing your robots.txt file on your live website, it’s crucial to test it using robots.txt testing tools provided by search engines. These tools can help you identify any errors or issues that may prevent search engine crawlers from correctly interpreting your directives.

Testing and validating your robots.txt file

To ensure that your robots.txt file is error-free and effectively communicating with search engine crawlers, it’s important to test and validate it. Search engines provide tools that allow you to test your robots.txt file and simulate how crawlers will interact with it.

Google’s “robots.txt Tester” tool, for instance, can be accessed through the Google Search Console. It allows you to test different user-agents and URLs, ensuring that your directives are correctly interpreted. Other search engines, such as Bing, also provide similar testing tools.

Implementing the robots.txt file on your website

Once you have created and validated your robots.txt file, it’s time to implement it on your website. Follow these steps to ensure a smooth implementation:

  1. Connect to your website using FTP or a file manager provided by your hosting provider.
  2. Locate the root directory of your website.
  3. Upload the robots.txt file to the root directory.
  4. Verify that the robots.txt file is accessible by visiting “” in a web browser.

Monitoring and updating your robots.txt file

Creating a robots.txt file is not a set-it-and-forget-it task. Regularly monitoring and updating your robots.txt file is crucial to adapt to changes in your website structure or SEO strategy.

Keep an eye on your website’s crawlability and search engine rankings to identify any issues or opportunities for improvement. If you make significant changes to your website’s structure or introduce new sections, it’s essential to update your robots.txt file accordingly.


Creating a robots.txt file is a fundamental step in optimizing your website’s SEO performance. By properly instructing search engine crawlers, you can control what content gets indexed and improve your website’s visibility on search engines.

Remember to understand the structure of a robots.txt file, create a basic file, and explore advanced directives to further refine your instructions. Avoid common mistakes, test and validate your robots.txt file, and implement it correctly on your website. Finally, monitor and update your file regularly to adapt to changes and maximize your SEO success as an SEO Consultant.

Now that you have the knowledge and tools to create an effective robots.txt file, take control of your website’s crawlability and unlock its potential for SEO success.


Mehmet Atakan

Mehmet Atakan Kalyoncuoglu is an SEO Consultant with a passion for helping businesses succeed online. With a keen eye for detail and a deep understanding of search engine algorithms, he has helped numerous clients achieve top rankings in search results and drive more traffic to their websites.

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